Can Guinea Pigs Eat Aubergine?

Feeding your guinea pig requires extra caution. You must know what and what not to feed them. What is extremely dangerous or possibly deadly and also what is highly nutritious and particularly beneficial to their health and growth. You cannot just feed them anything off your table. They have their own peculiar diet. Having a pet like a guinea pig presupposes that the owner is scrupulously careful. Guinea pigs are small and delicate animals that need constant check and care. They are a charming human companion, and if you want to have them for a lifetime, you must be willing to sacrifice a considerable amount of time to settle them.

You have probably always wondered; can guinea pigs really eat aubergine? Well, the answer is yes, absolutely. Aubergines are vegetables and they are incredibly delicious foods for your guinea pigs. In fact, you will find that they really love them. Aubergines are usually also referred to as eggplants. They have an extremely low nutritional value and can pass as any junk food. Although they are a very good source of fiber which aids digestion and improves the bowel function, they are comparatively low in vitamins and other necessary macronutrients that are usually found in fruits and vegetables of this kind.

Now you know that guinea pigs can definitely eat aubergine and that they also love them. Guinea pigs are herbivores, and they certainly love the aubergine for its spongy delicious taste. However, feeding them heavily with the aubergine is not good. Moderation is the key to everything. And why is that, you ask! We shall address that in the following sections, which have been painstakingly structured for you to easily understand.

Health Benefits of Guinea Pigs Eating Eggplants

Can I feed eggplants to my cavy, yes! But what is the end result of feeding it to my piggy? Well, not much. Although aubergines are delicious, they are however not so nutritious. Eggplants are best reserved as very rare treats because of the very low nutritional value they possess.

If you feed aubergines to your lovely piggy, it definitely will benefit one or more nutrients from it, one way or another. Although “garden egg” (which is another name aubergines are fondly called) are considerably low in beneficial nutrients, they are relatively rich in fiber which significantly improves the condition of the heart and aid digestion in guinea pigs.

Aubergine is a vegetable, it naturally has constituents which help to curb heart diseases and check weight management and loss. Did you know that aubergines contain antioxidants that keep the liver heavily protected from harmful toxins which can damage it? Well, now you know. Good for you, good for your cavy right?

Another amazing fact about aubergines is that they prevent the growth and spread of tumors and cancer in the body. It contains polyphenols which have anti-cancer effects. The anthocyanins and chlorogenic acid contents which protect cells from breakdown by assisting in the transferring of nutrients into the cell and release of waste.  In addition to this, it has been confirmed by scientists that anthocyanins, is a very powerful antioxidant found in aubergine, help to prevent neuroinflammation from surfacing, and it also helps to facilitate the flow to the brain. Ultimately it is helping in sustaining the memory and preventing mental disorders that arise as a result of old age.

Nutrition Facts of Aubergine

Aubergine is not so nutritious, but it contains a reasonable quantity of nutrients which can be beneficial one way or another to your guinea pig. In the Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, eggplant is listed as one of the top 10 vegetables because it has antioxidant content such as:

  • flavonoids (anthocyanins)
  • nasunin
  • polyphenols
  • potassium
  • fiber
  • vitamins C
  • B6

These nutrients are important in the growth and development of animals such as guinea pigs.

Raw eggplant contains magnesium, carbohydrates (6%), protein (1%), water (92%), and an insignificant amount of fat. Increase and decrease in the level of nutrients is based on environment and weather changes.

The following nutritional value per (100g) was extracted from Wikipedia: 

energy (104kJ)

carbohydrates (5.88g)

sugars (3.53g)

dietary fiber (3g)

fat (0.18g)

protein (0.98 g)

There is also a wast range of vitamins but their quantity is not that high:

  • thiamine (B1) 3% (0.039 mg)
  • riboflavin (B2) 3% (0.037 mg)
  • pantothenic acid (B5) 6% (0.281 mg)
  • vitamin B6 6% (0.084mg)
  • niacin (B3) 4% (0.649mg)
  • vitamin C 3% (2.2 mg)
  • vitamin E 2% (0.3 mg)
  • folate (B9) 6% (22 μg)
  • vitamin K 3% (3.5 μg)

And lastly here are the minerals:

  • calcium 1% (9 mg)
  • iron 2% (0.23 mg)
  • magnesium 4% (14 mg)
  • manganese 11% (0.232 mg)
  • phosphorus 3% (24 mg)
  • potassium 5% (229 mg)
  • zinc 2% (0.16 mg)
  • water (92 g)

This shows that aubergine is extremely low in nutrients. Too much of it can have side effects on your cavy. Make sure you remove all the leaves because they can be toxic. Also, make sure to feed your piggy with raw eggplant that is ripe, fresh and clean. Raw and ripe aubergines are more nutritious than cooked ones. Cooked ones have reduced nutrients, as a result of heat. Whenever you go to the market, be sure to buy fresh organic eggplants. They are the best option to feed your piggy because they are not grown with pesticides or fertilizers.

Risks to Consider When Feeding Aubergine to Guinea Pigs

Just like always say, in everything you do, moderation is the best policy. Yes! Eggplants can be consumed by guinea pigs. It is true that eggplants are delicious. But too much can be detrimental too. The nasunin (found in the eggplant skin, and which gives it that purplish color and a glossy feel) content in garden eggs, which works together with the iron in the body, and can be very useful for people who have a great amount of iron in their body. However, if your guinea pig is deficient of iron. It is better not to feed aubergine to your piggy.

Eggplants are categorized under the family of nightshades (potatoes, tomatoes and bell peppers) which are quite popular for toxicity. Researchers confirm that nightshades contain alkaloids (solanine), too much of it can cause arthritis or inflammation in the body.

Many animals scientists believe that it is better to completely avoid feeding guinea pigs aubergines. But in a real sense, they are not so dangerous. It is only when you feed them excessively to your piggies that you may begin to notice negative effects. You definitely don’t want to include it in the daily diet of your piggy. You can feed them maybe once or twice a week with it so that they consider it a treat.

Please, in whatever you do, do not feed your cavy with the greens or leaves of eggplants. They are very toxic. They can cause a painful death to your cavy. I repeat, avoid feeding your piggy aubergine leaves. The presence of solanine in the flowers and leaves of aubergines make it poisonous.

Also, doctors believe that eggplants can cause kidney related diseases also. So be careful not to overfeed your piggy. People have observed that when eggplant is fed to pets generally in large quantity, they tend to display symptoms like rash development, diarrhea, indigestion, vomiting, and nausea. All of which can affect the digestion system of the guinea pig.

Quick Facts on Aubergines:

Did you know that aubergines are also referred to as eggplants and garden eggs? Now you know! In India, they are called Brinjal. They are called Berenjena in Spain, Patlican in Turkey and Melanzana in Italy. Often they are referred to as a fruit, but they are actually vegetables and are classified along with other plants same as tomatoes and potatoes.

They are spongy and absorbent, and that’s why they are widely used in the kitchen by many. They can be cooked by frying, roasting, steaming, roasting, baking and boiling. However, steaming is the best cooking method as it preserves the nutrient level.

Although aubergines commonly have a purplish color, they can also come in other colors too; whether white or green or a mixture of white and purple.

Here is a surprising fact about aubergines; they contain nicotine, the highest level of nicotine compared to other edible plants, but only in a small insignificant amount. You would need to consume about nine (9) kilograms of it in order to get the exact quantity present in one cigarette.

Aubergines are best grown in tropical climates like Asia, where they are predominantly cultivated. They need, on an average, about 20 to 25 degrees temperature. They are said to have originated from India, where they are cultivated in large quantities. And also, an average aubergine plant can grow five to six meters long. Another fun fact is that it consists of 95% water and 50% of the volume is air.

Wow! That’s thrilling to know.

Now that you know that aubergines are absolutely edibles food for your piggy. You might want to begin adding it into their diet. But always keep it in mind not to overfeed them with aubergines. Like I said earlier “moderation is the best policy!”

Before I let you go, one final thought on food. With food, you can’t ever be too careful which is why I get all guinea pig food from a reliable source such as Amazon. If you are not sure what to order but believe your little piggies deserve some great treats please check our Helpful Guide to the Best Guinea Pig Treats to get some ideas. We have also made a full list of foods that guinea pigs can and can’t eat (150+ Types of Foods). Be sure to also check our recommended products page for everything you will ever need to assure a happy life for your Guinea Pigs. Hope this information was helpful and you have found the answer you were looking for.

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