Can Guinea Pigs Eat Peppers? (Benefits, Risks, Serving Size & More)

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Peppers

Peppers can be defined in several ways, so it can be confusing to mention just the word pepper. But, we can all agree that when someone mentions the word peppers are usually referring to the bell peppers. These peppers are very popular and are available almost throughout the whole year in stores. People use them in cooking for the preparation of numerous tasty meals, which makes it an extremely versatile food. But what about our guinea pigs, can they eat these nutritious vegetables and also what about other types of peppers in their diet?

Can guinea pigs eat peppers? Guinea pigs can eat peppers but not all types are good for them. They can eat sweet peppers such as bell peppers. Spicy/hot peppers like jalapenos have just too much heat in them and can cause serious problems in guinea pig’s stomach and for these reasons are not recommended as food for guinea pigs.

As we have said, they can eat the bell peppers so they are going to be the focus for the larger part of the article but later we are also going to mention some other types of peppers. The following are the four most common types of bell peppers:


There are also white and purple bell peppers but they are not that common. Green bell peppers have the least amount of sugar, so they are the most recommendable for the guinea pigs. The red peppers have more sugar, so they are given rarely as a treat. It is the same with the yellow and orange peppers. This means that the green bell pepper is the best option for guinea pigs.

We have covered everything for peppers and guinea pigs in the sections below, such as what peppers can guinea pigs eat, can guinea pigs have peppers every day, including some more general information about bell peppers. Let’s begin!

Are Peppers Good for Guinea Pigs? | Health Benefits

Are Peppers Good for Guinea Pigs Health Benefits

Peppers are very tasty for guinea pigs and they come with many health benefits for them as well. The nutrients in peppers improve their overall health but they also have some nutrients like sugar, which are not so beneficial for the guinea pigs. Now, let’s see all the benefits regarding bell peppers as food for guinea pigs:


Good Digestion

Bell peppers have a normal amount of fibers and this can be good for their digestion if they are served in moderation to guinea pigs. Too much fiber can cause loose stool while a proper serving size will improve the bowel movements. This means that a normal amount of fibers will contribute to good digestion, lack of fibers will result in constipation, and excess of fibers causes diarrhea.


Healthy Blood and Blood Vessels

The pantothenic acid in the peppers helps with creating red blood cells, and the iron helps the organism to fight off anemia. The deficit of iron shows through fatigue, anemia, bad immunity, and loss of appetite. The B6 vitamin can prevent anemia, but also it reduces stress, helps in producing more serotonin (happiness hormone), and also it can help improve the guinea pig’s sleep.


Antioxidants

Peppers are low in calories and exceptionally rich in vitamin C and other antioxidants, making them an excellent addition to any healthy diet. Vitamin A in peppers will “hunt down” the free radicals in the guinea pig’s body and prevent further damage. Also, there will be less risk of different diseases and the immunity will be kept in good shape.


Vitamin C and Scurvy Prevention

In peppers, there is also vitamin C, and we know that this vitamin is a must-have for a healthy guinea pig. Without it, the poor little cavies can get scurvy, which is a deadly disease for them. Luckily, bell papers are very rich in vitamin C.


Eyes Health

We already know that carrots are good for the eyes of your little pet, but there are also carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin in peppers which are good for guinea pig’s eyes. These carotenoids are especially high in green and orange bell peppers and it’s known that they can improve eye health in guinea pigs when consumed in reasonable amounts.


Also, a lot of health benefits are coming from other vitamins, such as vitamin E that keeps the skin healthy, reduces inflammation, keeps the eyesight in good health, and even reduces the risk of some cancers. Riboflavin is also known as the B2 vitamin helps with better transfer of oxygen in the body and it helps to break down the food into energy. Also, niacin or B3 vitamin can lower cholesterol levels.

Minerals, such as magnesium in peppers help regulate pains in the muscles, but it also prevents diabetes, migraines, and heart diseases. Zinc helps with reducing skin irritations.


Nutrition Facts of Peppers for Guinea Pigs

Nutrition Facts of Peppers for Guinea Pigs

These are nutritional information for 100 g of green, yellow and red peppers.

NutrientsGreen PeppersYellow PeppersRed Peppers
Energy20 kcal27 kcal31 kcal
Protein0.86 g1 g0.99 g
Total lipid (fat)0.17 g0.21 g0.3 g
Carbs4.64 g6.32 g6.03 g
Dietary Fiber1.7 g0.9 g2.1 g
Sugars2.4 g4.2 g
Calcium10 mg11 mg7 mg
Iron0.34 mg0.46 mg0.43 mg
Magnesium10 mg12 mg12 mg
Potassium175 mg212 mg211 mg
Zinc0.13 mg0.17 mg0.25 mg
Vitamin C80.4 mg183.5 mg127.7 mg
Vitamin B-60.224 mg0.168 mg0.291 mg
Vitamin A18 µg10 µg157 µg
Vitamin E0.37 mg1.58 mg
Vitamin K7.4 µg4.9 µg
Riboflavin0.028 mg0.025 mg0.085 mg
Niacin0.48 mg0.89 mg0.979 mg
Folate10 µg26 µg46 µg
Lutein + zeaxanthin341 µg51 µg
Nutrition facts of green, yellow and red peppers.

Risks to Consider When Feeding Peppers to Guinea Pigs

Risks to Consider When Feeding Peppers to Guinea Pigs

It’s important to know if you can give peppers to guinea pigs without any risks. Not all peppers are good for guinea pigs, especially in large serving sizes. We are going to explore some possible risks in the following sections below:


Painful Digestion and Stool Changes

If you feed the guinea pig with too many peppers or too often, some problems with the digestion can arise. Excess of fibers and also sugars will cause painful digestion, flatulence, gases, and most likely loose stool along with stomach cramps.


Urinary Problems

When your guinea pig is fully grown, it doesn’t need that much calcium compared to when it was young. In fact, excess calcium can cause bladder and kidney stones. But, also there is a risk of getting bloody urine and painful urinary infections as well.


Allergies

Sometimes guinea pigs can develop allergies to certain foods, so you need to be careful when feeding peppers to them for the first time. Rarely they can be allergic to bell peppers but if you notice that your guinea pig has diarrhea or it start vomiting even if you give it only a small amount of peppers, immediately stop the feeding process and visit the vet.


Serving Size and Frequency of Peppers for Guinea Pigs

Serving Size and Frequency of Peppers for Guinea Pigs

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Peppers Daily?

Guinea pigs shouldn’t eat peppers daily. Some owners give their guinea pigs a slice of pepper every day but in order to avoid any health problems (like bad digestion), try a slice or two every other day or 2 to 3 times per week.

There are many other fruits and vegetables and it is important to provide guinea pigs with a varied and rich diet, but if you don’t have any other vegetables on hand you can give them peppers more than 3 times a week.


Can Guinea Pigs Eat Whole Peppers?

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Whole Peppers

Guinea pigs shouldn’t eat the whole pepper because they are small animals and an entire pepper can cause them digestion problems. So, how much peppers should one guinea pig eat? Serving size is simple – half a cup or one to two slices of pepper for one guinea pig. You can even go for a full cup but guinea pigs need to have a rich diet full of different veggies in combination with hay and pellets.

Preparation is simple, cut the peppers in small slices and feed them to your guinea pig. Of course, you need to thoroughly wash every vegetable you are going to feed your pet.


Do Guinea Pigs Like Peppers?

As we already know, guinea pigs are herbivores and they really enjoy eating different types of fruits and vegetables, so do guinea pigs eat peppers gladly? Guinea pigs like to eat peppers because they are very tasty and crispy for them. Usually, guinea pigs enjoy eating red peppers the most considering that they are the sweetest ones, but be careful with serving sizes.

There aren’t many reports from owners that their guinea pigs don’t like to eat peppers, but if your guinea pigs for some reason don’t like peppers or have some allergies, just give them other vegetables such as spinach, celery, broccoli, kale and so on.


What Kind of Peppers Can Guinea Pigs Eat?

There are many types of peppers, they are different in shape, taste, and color, but what are the best types of pepper for guinea pigs and what types do they like to eat the most? Let’s find out!


Can Guinea Pigs Eat Bell Peppers / Sweet Peppers?

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Bell Peppers Sweet Peppers

The bell peppers are also known as sweet peppers and they are one of the most popular and healthy vegetables in the world. So, can guinea pigs have bell peppers and are bell peppers good for guinea pigs? Guinea pigs can eat bell or sweet peppers and they are completely good and safe for them.

These peppers are the only peppers guinea pigs can eat because they are sweet, rich in vitamin C, and antioxidants. You need to avoid feeding guinea pigs with hot peppers. Just like with any other vegetable, feed bell peppers to guinea pigs only in moderation.


Can Guinea Pigs Eat Mini Sweet Peppers?

Guinea pigs can eat mini sweet peppers and they are good for them. These peppers are a smaller version of bell peppers, they look similar but mini sweet peppers are usually sweeter in taste. So, it’s recommended to feed guinea pigs with mini sweet peppers only in moderation and a few times per week.


Can Guinea Pigs Eat Green Peppers?

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Green Peppers

Green peppers are the unripe versions of red peppers and they are rich in numerous nutrients, so can guinea pigs have green peppers and are green peppers good for guinea pigs? Guinea pigs can eat green peppers and these peppers have many health benefits for them. First of all, green peppers are naturally low in fat, sugar, and calories, but at the same time rich in vitamin C, vitamin A, and many other antioxidants.

Also, green peppers are especially high in lutein and zeaxanthin that are good for guinea pig’s eyes. Despite many health benefits, you need to feed green peppers to guinea pigs only in moderation due to the high calcium content in them. Guinea pigs need food that is low in calcium because too much calcium can cause kidney stones.


Can Guinea Pigs Eat Red Peppers?

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Red Peppers

Red peppers are sweeter than green and yellow bell pepper varieties, so can guinea pigs eat red bell peppers? Guinea pigs can eat red bell peppers and they enjoy eating them. These peppers are especially high in vitamin C, vitamin A and other antioxidants that are good for guinea pig’s health.

Although red bell peppers have more vitamin C and vitamin A and have a smaller amount of calcium than the green peppers, you need to feed them to guinea pigs only in moderation because of the high sugar content which can cause diarrhea or even diabetes.


Can Guinea Pigs Eat Jalapeno Peppers?

Jalapeno peppers are dark green chili peppers with medium to high heat and guinea pigs can’t eat them because they have a very sensitive digestive system and these peppers can be very harmful to the guinea pig’s stomach.

So, can guinea pigs eat other hot peppers? Guinea pigs shouldn’t eat any other hot peppers because feeding guinea pigs with hot peppers can be bad for them, just as it is the case with jalapeno peppers. Despite vitamins and minerals in hot or spicy peppers, you shouldn’t feed them to guinea pigs and also you need to avoid any other spicy food in their diet.


Can Guinea Pigs Eat Banana Peppers?

Guinea pigs shouldn’t eat banana peppers because these peppers are the part of the chili pepper family that we’ve mentioned above. Banana peppers are less hot than jalapenos pepper but still, they can be very harmful to guinea pigs and their digestive system.

It is important to note that there are also sweet banana peppers that guinea pigs can eat. Sweet banana peppers have almost the same taste as the bell peppers but they have a different look and their shape resembles that of a banana.


Can Guinea Pigs Eat Orange Peppers?

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Orange Peppers

Orange peppers are sweet bell peppers and they contain many good nutrients, so can guinea pigs eat orange bell peppers, and are orange peppers good for guinea pigs? Guinea pigs can eat orange peppers and they are good for them because these peppers are a great source of vitamin C and other antioxidants. But also it’s recommended to feed orange bell peppers to guinea pigs only in small amounts and two to three times per week because of the sugar content in them.


Can Guinea Pigs Eat Yellow Peppers?

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Yellow Peppers

Yellow bell peppers are very popular among the people, but can guinea pigs eat yellow bell peppers and are yellow peppers good for guinea pigs? Guinea pigs can eat yellow peppers and these peppers are good and safe for them if feed in moderation.

Yellow bell peppers have many beneficial minerals for guinea pigs such as iron, magnesium, and potassium that are good for the heart if feed in normal amounts. But there are also some amounts of calcium and sugars, so you need to feed them to guinea pigs only a few times per week, like the other bell peppers.


Can Guinea Pigs Eat Purple Peppers?

Guinea pigs can eat purple peppers and these peppers are safe for them just as it is the case with other bell peppers that we’ve mentioned above. Purple bell peppers have many nutrients, such as vitamin C, vitamin A, and other antioxidants that are good for guinea pig’s overall health. Also, feed purple bell peppers to guinea pigs only in small amounts and not too often because of the sugar and calcium content.


More Information About Peppers and Guinea Pigs


Can Guinea Pigs Eat Peppers Seeds?

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Peppers Seeds

Many people remove peppers seeds and white part inside the peppers before eating, but can guinea pigs eat seeds in peppers and are pepper seeds poisonous to guinea pigs? Guinea pigs can eat pepper seeds because these seeds aren’t poisonous and they don’t have any toxic effect on your pet. Many owners have reported that they feed peppers seeds to guinea pigs, but despite that, we recommend to remove peppers seeds before giving it to guinea pigs.

Although peppers seeds are small and soft, there is a risk of them being a choking hazard. Guinea pigs enjoy the flash of the peppers, which is delicious for them while pepper seeds can be bitter in taste. If you remove the pepper seeds, you will be sure that your guinea pigs will not choke on them.


Can Guinea Pigs Eat Pepper Leaves?

Guinea pigs can’t eat pepper leaves because these leaves can contain some alkaloids that can be toxic to guinea pigs. Despite people eat cooked pepper leaves, guinea pigs can’t eat them because their digestive system isn’t made to digest any cooked food. There are many other types of leaves that guinea pigs can eat and there is no point in taking risks with pepper leaves.


Can Guinea Pigs Eat Pepper Stalks / Stems?

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Pepper Stalks Stems

Guinea pigs can’t eat pepper stalks or pepper stems, because they also can contain some alkaloids just like leaves that can be poisonous to guinea pigs. When you feed peppers to your guinea pigs, it’s best to remove pepper tops, stems and seeds, wash the pepper thoroughly with water, slice it into smaller parts or just cut it in half and give to your guinea pigs.


Quick Facts on Peppers

  • The red bell peppers are in fact green peppers that were left to ripen fully.
  • There is more vitamin C in red peppers than in the green ones.
  • Peppers originate from South and Central America.
  • The seeds for bell peppers were brought to Spain back in 1493, and from there, they were introduced to other European countries, as well as Asia.
  • The most common colors of the peppers are red, orange, yellow, and green, but there are also other types like purple, white and brown.
  • China produces the most bell peppers worldwide, after that comes Turkey, Mexico, USA, and Indonesia.
  • The packs of 1 green, 1 yellow, and 1 red pepper are called “Traffic Light Peppers” in many supermarkets!

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Before I let you go, one final thought on food. With food, you can’t ever be too careful which is why I get all guinea pig food from a reliable source such as Amazon. If you are not sure what to order but believe your little piggies deserve some great treats please check our Helpful Guide to the Best Guinea Pig Treats to get some ideas. We have also made a full list of foods that guinea pigs can and can’t eat (150+ Types of Foods). Be sure to also check our recommended products page for everything you will ever need to assure a happy life for your Guinea Pigs. Hope this information was helpful and you have found the answer you were looking for.

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List of Sources

National Research Council (US) Subcommittee on Laboratory Animal Nutrition, Nutrient Requirements of Laboratory Animals: Fourth Revised Edition, 1995., Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 1995.

Zilva, S. S., Vitamin C requirements of the guinea-pig, The Biochemical Journal, 1936.

Cannon, M. D., Emerson, G. A., Dietary Requirements of the Guinea Pig with Reference to the Need for a Special Factor, The Journal of Nutrition, 1939.

Norman, R., Wills, A. P., An Investigation into the Relationship between Owner Knowledge, Diet, and Dental Disease in Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcellus), Animals: an open access journal from MDPI, 2016.

Witkowska, A., Price, J., Hughes, C., Smith, D., White, K., Alibhai, A., Rutland C. S., The Effects of Diet on Anatomy, Physiology and Health in the Guinea Pig, Journal of Animal Health and Behavioural Science, 2017.

Chávez-Mendoza, C., Sanchez, E., Muñoz-Marquez, E., Sida-Arreola, J. P., & Flores-Cordova, M. A., Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Activity in Different Grafted Varieties of Bell Pepper, Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland), 2015.

Clarissa Moolbrock

Clarissa Moolbrock is one of the founders and editor at Guinea Pig Tube. She is also an author of "Complete Guinea Pig Care Guide: The Essential, Practical Guide To All Aspects of Caring for Your Guinea Pigs" (available on Amazon). Being a veterinary technician helping animals and sharing her experience and knowledge with other guinea pig owners is her passion. Her life goal is to popularise guinea pigs as pets and that is why she has started Guinea Pig Tube website.