Can Guinea Pigs Eat Red Peppers? (Benefits, Risks, Serving Size & More)

Red peppers are a standard food item in many cuisines around the world. They are incredibly tasty and nutritious, with many health benefits. We use the red peppers in salads, as a side dish, for cooked meals, stuffed paprikas, and many other recipes. Naturally, we would presume that because guinea pigs are herbivores that they should be able to implement red peppers into their diet, right? No worries we will provide you with a helpful and detailed answer. By the end of this article, you will know everything about red peppers and their role in guinea pig’s diet.

Can guinea pigs eat red peppers? Guinea pigs can eat red peppers but they can be feed to guinea pigs only in moderation or as a treat. This is because red peppers have the highest amount of sugar out of bell pepper types. The good thing about red peppers is that they contain vitamin C, which is highly beneficial for guinea pigs.

Alright, so the good news is that guinea pigs can consume red peppers safely but as we said occasionally and in moderate serving sizes. They can still get all the benefits of the pepper even from just one slice. A well-balanced diet with a variety of veggies and fruits will provide your guinea pig with all the needed nutrients. Now, let’s see some of the pros and cons of the red peppers as food for guinea pigs.

Are Red Peppers Good for Guinea Pigs? | Health Benefits

Are Red Peppers Good for Guinea Pigs

Vitamin C and Scurvy Prevention

Vitamin C is not naturally produced by guinea pigs and without this vitamin, they are prone to a fatal disease called scurvy. So, guinea pigs must receive it through foods or supplements. Red peppers are packed with vitamin C and they can help with preventing the scurvy disease. The following are the symptoms of scurvy: diarrhea, rough fur, bleeding, no appetite, and discharge.

Healthy Blood

Red bell peppers can have many benefits for guinea pig’s blood as they are rich in iron. They are helpful when it comes to the prevention of anemia. Also, iron works well in combination with vitamin C as it helps with its absorption.


Vitamin A in red peppers acts as an antioxidant and keeps the health of the brain, kidneys, lungs, skin, heart, and eyes. Manganese also acts as an antioxidant and reduces the risk of all diseases that could appear due to free radical damage and it regulates blood sugar.

Vitamin A and manganese in red peppers are good protectors of the overall health and immunity. They remove the free radicals and the risk of diseases they could cause.

Good for Digestion and Weight Control

A proper amount of fibers in red peppers will regulate the bowel movements and will improve the digestion. Also, due to the low amount of calories, red peppers are not a threat to rapid weight changes. They are not fattening for guinea pigs. Red peppers also have a small amount of fat which makes it an overall safe food for the guinea pigs. High amounts of fat are harmful to the blood vessels and cardiovascular health.

Other Benefits

There are also many other vitamins that are good for guinea pig’s overall health. We will mention vitamin K that helps in the production of prothrombin, the protein that clots blood when injuries happen, vitamin E that is essential for skin health but it also slows down aging, boosts the immune system, and reduces inflammation. Vitamin B6 can make your guinea pig happier and well-rested! Yes, this vitamin boosts serotonin production (happiness hormone).

Thiamin that is also known as B1 vitamin, promotes a good flow of electrolytes to all nerves and muscles and converts everything consumed into energy. There is also riboflavin that is known as B2 vitamin, it converts food into energy, but it also promotes good oxygen flow in all of the cells as well.

Nutrition Facts of Red Peppers for Guinea Pigs

Nutrition Facts of Red Peppers for Guinea Pigs

The following are the nutrition facts for the 100 g (3 oz) of sweet raw red pepper:

  • Energy – 26 kcal
  • Protein – 0.99 g
  • Total lipid (fat) – 0.3 g
  • Carbs – 6.03 g
  • Dietary Fiber – 2.1 g
  • Sugars – 4.2 g
  • Calcium – 7 mg
  • Iron – 0.43 mg
  • Magnesium – 12 mg
  • Potassium – 211 mg
  • Zinc – 0.25 mg
  • Copper – 0.017 mg
  • Manganese – 0.112 mg
  • Vitamin C – 127.7 mg
  • Vitamin B-6 – 0.291 mg
  • Vitamin A – 157 µg
  • Vitamin E – 1.58 mg
  • Vitamin K – 4.9 µg
  • Thiamin – 0.054 mg
  • Riboflavin – 0.085 mg

Risks to Consider When Feeding Red Peppers to Guinea Pigs

Risks to Consider When Feeding Red Peppers to Guinea Pigs

Painful Digestion

The sugar content in red peppers is quite high. This can consequently cause an upset stomach, flatulence, and cramps during digestion because guinea pigs cannot digest the sugars well, even from natural and raw foods. Excess sugar causes pains and digestion problems for guinea pigs.

Urinary Problems

Calcium is a mineral that forms strong and healthy bones. However, too much calcium is harmful to fully developed guinea pigs as it can cause urinary complications. This mineral can cause urinary stones, infections in the urinary system, bloody urine, and renal failure.

Serving Size and Frequency of Red Peppers for Guinea Pigs

Serving Size and Frequency of Red Peppers for Guinea Pigs

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Red Bell Peppers Every Day?

As you now know guinea pigs can eat red bell peppers and they are safe for them, but can guinea pigs eat red pepper daily? Guinea pigs shouldn’t eat red peppers every day. A few times per week is a good serving frequency for them in order to become a good amount of vitamin C and other important vitamins and minerals.

Some owners feed their guinea pigs with red peppers almost daily, but this is not recommended due to the sugar and calcium amounts. Also, there are other fruits and vegetables that you can feed them with, such as green peppers, yellow peppers, and orange peppers. It’s good to provide them with a versatile diet and not feed them the same food every day.

Can Guinea Pigs Eat a Whole Red Pepper?

Can Guinea Pigs Eat a Whole Red Pepper

Guinea pigs can’t eat the whole red pepper at once. The serving size should be just one or two slices of red pepper. Red peppers contain more sugar than the green or yellow peppers and because of that, you need to be careful with the serving sizes of red bell peppers for guinea pigs.

Sugars can be very dangerous to the guinea pig’s digestive system if fed in large amounts and sometimes that can even lead to obesity or diabetes. So, a whole red pepper is too much for one guinea pig, because there are also other foods such as hay and pellets that they need to eat daily.

Do Guinea Pigs Like Red Peppers?

These little pets really love to eat, but do guinea pigs like eating red peppers? Guinea pigs like to eat red peppers and they really enjoy them. As we’ve said, red bell peppers are sweeter than the other types of bell peppers so they will be very delicious for them.

However, some guinea pigs owners have reported that their guinea pigs don’t like the red peppers and that’s normal because every guinea pig has their own personal taste preference. Try giving two guinea pigs the following fruits or vegetables: spinach, broccoli, tomatoes, kale, zucchini, apples, blueberries, and so on. Two of them will have different preferences, they are very similar to humans in that regard.

More Information About Guinea Pigs and Red Peppers

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Sweet Red Peppers?

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Sweet Red Peppers

Guinea pigs can eat sweet red peppers and sweet pepper types are the only ones that are safe for them. There are also hot chili red peppers that aren’t safe for guinea pigs because they can cause serious problems to their’s stomach and digestive system. Don’t feed guinea pigs with any spicy food or spicy peppers, such as jalapenos peppers, because their digestive system is very sensitive.

Can Guinea Pigs Have Red Bell Peppers Seeds?

Can Guinea Pigs Have Red Bell Peppers Seeds

Guinea pigs enjoy eating peppers, but can you feed them with red pepper seeds? Despite the fact that many owners feed red peppers seeds to their guinea pigs, we don’t recommend that. Seeds of red bell peppers are soft and small, and they are not poisonous to them, but there is a possibility of a choking hazard. It’s better to remove all the seeds from the red bell peppers and peacefully watch your guinea pig while it devours the pepper.

Can Guinea Pigs Have Red Peppers Stems?

Can Guinea Pigs Have Red Peppers Stems

Guinea pigs shouldn’t eat red pepper stems because of the alkaloids that are present in them. That can be dangerous to guinea pigs if fed in large amounts. Similarly to the red pepper seeds, it is best to also remove the stem of the red bell peppers. Generally, when it comes to the preparation of any vegetable or fruit, first wash it thoroughly due to the possible pesticide presence and then slice into smaller pieces before giving it to guinea pigs.

Quick Facts On Red Peppers

  • Red peppers are just green peppers that were left to ripen.
  • Technically, the red peppers are a fruit, but for culinary purposes, we refer to them as veggies.
  • The red peppers are the sweetest out of all pepper types.
  • Red pepper has more vitamin C than the green pepper.
  • Peppers are native to South and Central America.
  • The oldest pepper was found in Oaxaca and Puebla, Federal Districts of Mexico.
  • The bell pepper seeds were carried to Spain back in 1493, and after that, they were brought to other countries in Europe and Asia.
  • At first, peppers were highly unpopular in Europe.
  • Apart from red and green peppers, there are also other colors such as yellow, orange, white, brown, purple, and lavender.

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Before I let you go, one final thought on food. With food, you can’t ever be too careful which is why I get all guinea pig food from a reliable source such as Amazon. If you are not sure what to order but believe your little piggies deserve some great treats please check our Helpful Guide to the Best Guinea Pig Treats to get some ideas.

We have also made a full list of foods that guinea pigs can and can’t eat (150+ Types of Foods). Be sure to also check our recommended products page for everything you will ever need to assure a happy life for your Guinea Pigs. Hope this information was helpful and you have found the answer you were looking for.

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List of Sources

National Research Council (US) Subcommittee on Laboratory Animal Nutrition, Nutrient Requirements of Laboratory Animals: Fourth Revised Edition, 1995., Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 1995.

Zilva, S. S., Vitamin C requirements of the guinea-pig, The Biochemical Journal, 1936.

Cannon, M. D., Emerson, G. A., Dietary Requirements of the Guinea Pig with Reference to the Need for a Special Factor, The Journal of Nutrition, 1939.

Norman, R., Wills, A. P., An Investigation into the Relationship between Owner Knowledge, Diet, and Dental Disease in Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcellus), Animals: an open access journal from MDPI, 2016.

Witkowska, A., Price, J., Hughes, C., Smith, D., White, K., Alibhai, A., Rutland C. S., The Effects of Diet on Anatomy, Physiology and Health in the Guinea Pig, Journal of Animal Health and Behavioural Science, 2017.

Chávez-Mendoza, C., Sanchez, E., Muñoz-Marquez, E., Sida-Arreola, J. P., & Flores-Cordova, M. A., Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Activity in Different Grafted Varieties of Bell Pepper, Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland), 2015.