There is always one veggie that we absolutely love to use for most of our meals, and that is certainly the bell pepper. In this article, we will be talking about yellow bell pepper as potential food for guinea pigs. We already covered bell papers in our other article but here we are going to focus on the yellow peppers and see what makes them so special.
Can guinea pigs eat yellow bell peppers? Guinea pigs can eat yellow bell peppers and they are good for them because they have a good amount of vitamin C (a crucial vitamin for the guinea pigs and their survival). Unfortunately, due to the calcium and sodium in yellow bell peppers, they need to be feed in moderation (problems with the urinary tract).
Yellow bell pepper is a truly beneficial and healthy veggie for the guinea pigs. The best part is that our guinea pigs can benefit from vitamin C, which makes them sturdy and protected from the dangerous scurvy disease.
Now, let’s see more information about yellow bell peppers as food for the guinea pigs, find out what parts of the yellow peppers they can eat, and more about serving sizes of bell peppers for guinea pigs. Let’s begin with health benefits!
Health Benefits of Feeding Yellow Bell Peppers to Guinea Pigs
The yellow bell pepper is low in calories, carbs and protein, and in fat as well. They are not fattening, and its nutrients won’t affect the weight of your guinea pig. Naturally, any type of food can affect the weight of the guinea pig if consumed in excess.
This veggie has two powerful antioxidants: vitamin A and manganese. Vitamin A is an antioxidant that improves the health of the brain, heart, kidneys, lungs, vision, and it also boosts the immune system. Manganese is a very strong antioxidant as well. It prevents many diseases caused by free radicals, regulates blood sugar, and it reduces inflammations.
Without enough vitamin C, the guinea pigs will have trouble staying healthy. They don’t make this vitamin on their own, so any food or supplement with vitamin C is extremely beneficial for them. With a good amount of this vitamin, they won’t get the scurvy disease. This disease has the following symptoms such as weight loss, diarrhea, loss of appetite, rough coat, bleedings, and discharges.
There is also iron and copper in the yellow bell pepper. Copper creates red cells in the blood. It works together with the iron to make the blood healthier, and it improves immunity too. So, these essential nutrients ensure the blood is healthy and not prone to anemia. Also, there is potassium that lowers high blood pressure, prevents the reduction of muscle mass, and keeps the bone density optimal.
The B6 vitamin found in yellow bell peppers reduces stress, helps with better sleep, and helps with the serotonin production (happiness hormone). Also, there is magnesium that makes bones healthier, and it prevents diabetes and heart problems too.
Nutrition Facts of Yellow Bell Peppers for Guinea Pigs
These are the nutrition facts for one serving of 100 g of raw yellow bell pepper:
- Energy – 27 kcal
- Protein – 1 g
- Total lipid (fat) – 0.21 g
- Carbs – 6.32 g
- Dietary Fiber – 0.9 g
- Calcium – 11 mg
- Iron – 0.46 mg
- Magnesium – 12 mg
- Potassium – 212 mg
- Sodium – 2 mg
- Copper – 0.107 mg
- Manganese – 0.117 mg
- Vitamin C – 183.5 mg
- Vitamin B-6 – 0.168 mg
- Vitamin A – 10 µg
- Thiamin – 0.028 mg
- Riboflavin – 0.025 mg
- Niacin – 0.89 mg
- Folate – 26 µg
Risks of Feeding Yellow Bell Peppers to Guinea Pigs
Guinea pigs have gentle stomachs, and every food that you give to them needs to be given in moderation. They can’t consume huge amounts of yellow bell pepper, and if they consume it in excess, they will get cramps, pains during digestion, problems with the bowel emptying, or even loose stool.
The calcium and sodium in the yellow bell pepper are also not good for the guinea pigs. These minerals can severely damage the urinary tract. Calcium and sodium in excess can cause urinary stones in guinea pigs. Not just that, they also can cause bloody urine, pain during urination, and infections. If you don’t cure this in time with the help of a vet, it can result in renal failure, which means the kidneys could stop working.
Serving Size and Frequency of Yellow Bell Peppers for Guinea Pigs
Can Guinea Pigs Have Yellow Bell Pepper Every Day?
Guinea pigs can’t eat yellow bell pepper every day. Even though many owners feed their guinea pigs with yellow peppers daily, we don’t recommend that. So, twice per week is the optimal frequency for serving, not more.
There are also green, orange, and red peppers that you can feed to guinea pigs. Also, guinea pigs need a variety of nutrients, and because of that, you need to give them different types of fruits and vegetables. In that way, you will provide them a healthy and productive diet with many different nutrients.
Can Guinea Pigs Eat a Whole Yellow Pepper?
Guinea pigs shouldn’t eat a whole yellow pepper because of the possible risks that might occur. They shouldn’t eat any fruit or vegetable in huge amounts considering that the main parts of their diet need to be hay, pellets, and water.
So, how much yellow peppers should one guinea pig eat? For the serving size, give it half a cup or one to two slices of pepper two times per week. You could slice it into thinner pieces before giving it to your guinea pigs and also wash the pepper thoroughly with water. This is done because there could be leftover particles of pesticides on the pepper surface that are harmful to guinea pigs.
More Information About Guinea Pigs and Yellow Peppers
Can Guinea Pigs Eat Yellow Bell Pepper Seeds?
If you thought yellow bell pepper seeds are poisonous to guinea pigs, we have to tell you that statement is a myth. Guinea pigs can eat yellow pepper seeds, and they are not toxic to them. But, due to the possibility of choking hazard, we recommend removing yellow bell pepper seeds before serving them to guinea pigs. So, if you want to avoid any risks, it’s best to give them only yellow bell pepper flesh and remove the seeds.
Can Guinea Pigs Eat Yellow Bell Peppers Stems?
Guinea pigs can’t eat yellow bell pepper stems because they are not safe for them. These stems contain nutrients known as alkaloids that can be poisonous to guinea pigs if consumed in huge amounts. Also, yellow bell peppers leaves contain these alkaloids. So, we recommend removing all the bad parts of yellow bell peppers, such as stems, leaves, and seeds before giving the actual pepper to your guinea pigs.
Quick Facts About Yellow Bell Peppers
- In botanical terms, the bell pepper is technically a fruit, but they are considered veggies for culinary purposes.
- Bell peppers are also called “capsicum”. The word “capsicum” comes from the Greek word “kapto”, meaning “to bite”.
- Bell peppers are native to South America and Central America.
- The seeds for bell peppers were brought to Spain back in 1493, and after that, people have spread them to other countries in Europe and Asia.
- The standard colors of bell peppers are: red, yellow, orange, and green. There are also other color variations, such as dark purple, white, lavender, and brown.
- Bell peppers are also consumed dried and pickled.
- China produces the highest amount of bell peppers worldwide, after that on the list are Turkey, Mexico, USA, and Indonesia.
Before I let you go, one final thought on food. With food, you can’t ever be too careful which is why I get all guinea pig food from a reliable source such as Amazon. If you are not sure what to order but believe your little piggies deserve some great treats please check our Helpful Guide to the Best Guinea Pig Treats to get some ideas. We have also made a full list of foods that guinea pigs can and can’t eat (150+ Types of Foods). Be sure to also check our recommended products page for everything you will ever need to assure a happy life for your Guinea Pigs. Hope this information was helpful and you have found the answer you were looking for.
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List of Sources
National Research Council (US) Subcommittee on Laboratory Animal Nutrition, Nutrient Requirements of Laboratory Animals: Fourth Revised Edition, 1995., Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 1995.
Norman, R., Wills, A. P., An Investigation into the Relationship between Owner Knowledge, Diet, and Dental Disease in Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcellus), Animals: an open access journal from MDPI, 2016.
Chávez-Mendoza, C., Sanchez, E., Muñoz-Marquez, E., Sida-Arreola, J. P., & Flores-Cordova, M. A., Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Activity in Different Grafted Varieties of Bell Pepper, Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland), 2015.
Witkowska, A., Price, J., Hughes, C., Smith, D., White, K., Alibhai, A., Rutland C. S., The Effects of Diet on Anatomy, Physiology and Health in the Guinea Pig, Journal of Animal Health and Behavioural Science, 2017.