Baldwin Guinea Pig Care Guide: Information, Facts and More

Baldwin Guinea Pig Care Guide

Guinea pigs are certainly one of the more popular pets in the world. Some breeds are more popular than others but every breed is special in its own way. In this article, we are going to talk about a completely hairless guinea pig breed called “Baldwin”. There are a lot of reasons why this particular breed is slowly rising in popularity but clearly the most interesting reason is their unusual looks.

What is a Baldwin guinea pig? Baldwin is a guinea pig breed that is completely hairless. This breed accidentally came to life when a spontaneous genetic mutation happened during the breeding of the White Crested guinea pigs. Baldwin guinea pigs are born fully furred and they slowly lose it over the following two months period.

Their lack of hair can have some impact on their health and because of that they require some additional care, but besides that, they are a joy to have around the home. There is so much more that you need to know about Baldwin guinea pigs. In this article, we are have covered everything related to their origin, care traits, and more. This is going to be an interesting read so please stay with us. Let’s begin!

Baldwin Guinea Pig History: Information and Facts

Baldwin Guinea Pig History Information and Facts

Baldwin guinea pigs were created accidentally as no one was really trying to make a new breed of guinea pigs. It all started in California with Carol Miller breed of White Crested guinea pigs. During the breeding, a genetic mutation happened and a new breed of guinea pigs was just created.

The recessive gene that caused the loss of fur is not a dominant one and because of that, it is pretty hard to consistently breed Baldwin guinea pigs. If you crossbreed them with any other guinea pig you will not get a Baldwin. 

They pull most of their characteristics from the White Crested guinea pigs that they have originated from. Their size is up to 12 inches and males tend to be a little bit larger. They share the common color patterns as most of the guinea pigs, including Dutch, tortoiseshell, Himalayan, and others.

They require special attention because they lack a hair coat and if they are treated properly, their life span is usually between 5 to 7 years. As for their character, Baldwins are easy to handle and are really playful pets. They are curious by nature and love to search around and poke their noses wherever they can.


Baldwin Guinea Pigs: Everything You Need to Know

Baldwin Guinea Pigs Everything You Need to Know

Why Are Baldwin Guinea Pigs Hairless?

The main reason for their hairlessness is their gene pool. They have a recessive gene that is causing their fur coat to fall off shortly after they are born. 


Are Baldwin Guinea Pigs Born With Hair?

Baldwins are born with hair (fully furred) but after a couple of weeks, they lose most of it. In some cases, there is some hair left on their feet but they are commonly completely bold. The whole process of losing their hair lasts for about 2 months.


Baldwin Guinea Pig With Hair: Is This Possible?

Baldwin guinea pigs can’t have hair. Their main feature is their hairlessness. If the guinea pig has hair than it is not a Baldwin. The only other hairless breed out there is the Skinny pig and they have some hair left on their body even though they are also classified as a hairless breed.


Baldwin Guinea Pig Care Guide: Instructions and Tips

Baldwin Guinea Pig Care Guide Instructions and Tips

• Diet and Food

Baldwin guinea pigs require more care than a regular guinea pig with a coat. The lack of fur causes a faster metabolism in order to keep the body’s temperature at an optimal level. This means that they require more food than a regular guinea pig with fur.

Regarding their diet, it is enough to keep them on quality guinea pig food, this includes fresh hay, vegetables, fruits, and vitamin C pellets. Keep in mind that amounts of veggies and fruits should not exceed 10% of their daily food intake. Also, they need to eat food that is fresh and all that they don’t eat during the 24 hours period should be thrown away.


• Enviromental Factors

Another problem these Baldwin guinea pigs have with their skin is their sensitivity to the direct sunlight. Their cage shouldn’t be placed on a spot with a lot of light because that could cause them severe skin burns. Also, avoid placing them in the spot where they could be exposed to a draft or any intense source of heat like a radiator or a heater.

Of course, they can and should have a source of natural light and heat, but try keeping the temperatures around 70-75 degrees Fahrenheit (21 to 24 °C). If a Baldwin guinea pig is exposed to direct sunlight for too long they can also get a stroke, so be extra careful with the cage placement.


• Size of the Cage

Speaking of their cage, it should be at least 7 square feet in size and if you want to have two guinea pigs, the size should be around 12-15 square feet.


• Proper Bedding

Their lack of hair makes their skin extra sensitive so you should pay special attention to their bedding. It is not recommended to use sawdust, thick hay, and similar products because they can irritate their skin. The best bedding for them is the one made out of fleece.


• Provide Them Affection

Just like other guinea pigs, Baldwins also love to explore and exercise, so try getting them some playtime with you almost every day. You can also take them outside to play, but try keeping them in shade as much as you can.


• Bathing and Skin Care

The skin of the Baldwin guinea pigs is really sensitive. Bathing is something that can be really bad for them. If you give them a bath you will wash the natural oils that are covering their body and this is the only layer of protection that they have on their skin. When you really have to give them a bath, it is best if you use a damp towel instead of the direct water.

Don’t use any shampoo that has a strong scent and it would be best to get a neutral shampoo made especially for guinea pigs. On the positive side, their lack of hair leads to fewer skin diseases but you should look out for fungal infections like ringworm, dry skin, and dermatitis which can all come up if you don’t pay additional attention to their hygiene. The best way to keep them healthy is to clean the cage almost daily after them. This rule applies to every guinea pig breed.

Besides problems with the skin, they share the same health issues as other guinea pigs.


Baby Baldwin Guinea Pig Care

When it comes to baby Baldwin guinea pig care you can pay a little bit more attention to their nails, because they tend to grow faster at a young age. You can use a clipper designed for cats or you can take your little hairless pet to the veterinarian. Also, they will shed their fur and just be there to help them and clean after them.

Take special care of them while they are young because that way you will give them a chance at a longer and healthier life. Take additional care of their hygiene and feed them with the best food you can afford. That will mean a lot to them when they are fully grown. 


Baldwin Guinea Pig vs Skinny Pig: Main Differences

Skinny Guinea pig and Baldwin Guinea Pig Differences

The only real difference between a Baldwin and Skinny pig is that Skinny pigs have some hair on their body. Skinny pigs are born with some hair which they keep throughout their whole life and this hair is usually located on their nose, feet, and legs.

Baldwin pigs on the other side are born with hair on their entire body but they quickly lose it during the following two months. So if you are into buying a Baldwin guinea pig pay attention to those details because any guinea pig that has some hair on their body is not a Baldwin.


Baldwin Guinea Pig Price and Breeding

Baldwin Guinea Pig Price and Breeding

Baldwin Guinea Pig Breeders: Where to Get a Guinea Pig Baldwin?

These guinea pigs are very rare and you will have trouble finding them in your local pet store or shelter. In most cases, you will find Skinny pigs instead of Baldwins. This is due to the fact that they are not yet recognized as a distinct species.

As for the price, this also depends on the breeder. The price usually starts around 70$ and can go a lot higher as they are really hard to find.


Breeding Baldwin Guinea Pigs

Because of their recessive genes, it is pretty hard to breed Baldwin guinea pigs. If you try to breed a Baldwin guinea pig with some other guinea pig breed in most cases you will get the other breed with hair. The best way to get a hairless Baldwin guinea pig is to breed two of them.

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Summary

The main difference between Baldwins and other guinea pigs is that Baldwin is completely hairless. In most cases, all of their care problems are connected with their lack of hair. The most important tig is to pay attention to their surrounding.

Avoid placing them in direct sunlight and or places that have a draft or a heating device. Their skin is very sensitive so you always need to think about these little details.

Having a Baldwin guinea pig as a member of the family is always a joy because these little creatures always put a smile on everyone’s face. If you are allergic to animal hair, having a Baldwin could be a solution for you. If you want to have a unique, fun, cute, and grateful pet then the Baldwin guinea pig is probably the best choice. For more content about guinea pigs keep following our site!


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Waner, T., Avidar, Y., Peh, H. C., Zass, R., Bogin, E., Hematology and clinical chemistry values of normal and euthymic hairless adult male Dunkin-Hartley guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus), Veterinary clinical pathology, 1996.

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NC State Veterinary Hospital, Caring for Your Pet Guinea Pig, Exotic Animal Medicine Department.

Bruce, H. M., Parkes, A. S., Feeding and breeding of laboratory animals; breeding of guinea-pigs, The Journal of hygiene, 1948.

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Clarissa Moolbrock

Clarissa Moolbrock is one of the founders and editor at Guinea Pig Tube. She is also an author of "Complete Guinea Pig Care Guide: The Essential, Practical Guide To All Aspects of Caring for Your Guinea Pigs" (available on Amazon). Being a veterinary technician helping animals and sharing her experience and knowledge with other guinea pig owners is her passion. Her life goal is to popularise guinea pigs as pets and that is why she has started Guinea Pig Tube website.