So you have decided to get a cute little friend – a guinea pig. But even though you already know what kind of pet animal you want, there are still so many questions that you need to answer!
One of the main questions being: Which guinea pig gender should I pick or what breed? Luckily for you, we have already made a helpful guide on guinea pig breeds. If you are having any doubts click on the link and see what guinea pig breed is the best for you. In this article, we are going to talk about guinea pig genders.
Which guinea pig gender is better? Both guinea pig genders will make for a great pet, no matter if it’s a male or a female guinea pig. For example, male guinea pigs are a little less shy, physically larger and somewhat more trainable while female guinea pigs are cleaner, less aggressive and they are not noisy. Still, these differences are negligible and hard to take into consideration as every guinea pig has a different personality. Both females and male guinea pigs have their pros and cons and we have done a direct comparison between them in the following sections.
In the following sections, we will try to give you a more in-depth answer to with guinea pig gender is better and hopefully, you are going to have the answer you were looking for.
Keep in mind that it is incredibly hard to give you a direct answer to this question and that you will have to decide on the answer on your own after we have given you all the necessary information. Let’s begin!
Important: These characteristics and behavioral patterns between these two genders are not always applicable for every guinea pig. For example, not every female guinea pig will have a shorter life span than a male guinea pig or not every male guinea pig is more aggressive than a female. Every guinea pig has a unique personality.
Female Guinea Pig
Male Guinea Pig
Females are often smaller and shorter than male guinea pigs.
Males are longer and larger than female guinea pigs but sometimes there are some exceptions.
Shorter lifespan (with proper care and diet they can live longer)
Longer lifespan (still all of this depends on health care and diet and not always the case).
Sows are less active. They are calm and love play with other guinea pigs.
Boars are more active; they fight most often with each other.
Level of Aggression
Less aggressive and rarely fights with other guinea pigs.
More aggressive, especially if there are more male guinea pigs.
Like to keep their cage clean.
A little bit messier than females.
Sometimes they can have a strong smell and their grease gland must be cleaned often because of that.
Female guinea pigs require less maintenance.
Male guinea pigs are messy and the cage needs to be cleaned more often after them.
Noises | Sounds
They are not noisy because females are usually calmer.
Louder and they can create a lot of noise.
Possibility of Traning
Female guinea pigs can be very shy around humans and because of that are not easier to train.
Easier to train, because of their personality and level of activity.
Female guinea pigs can live peacefully with other females and usually they will not fight.
Males will often fight with other male guinea pigs to establish dominance in the cage.
Size of the Cage
They need a little bit less space than male guinea pigs.
As they are larger, naturally they require more space.
Which Guinea Pig Gender Is Better?
Did you know that male guinea pigs are called ‘boars’ and the females are ‘sows’?
A guinea pig of any gender will surely make a great pet but your choice should certainly depend on the aims that you’re pursuing. In case you want to be able to breed guinea pigs in the future, it might be a great idea to get a male at first. You will then have as much time as you need to pick the perfect sow.
If you initially pick a female, you will only have a couple of months to organize the whole process (the breeding of guinea pigs should ideally take place when the female is between four and six months old).
The guinea pig should not bite and be overall aggressive. It might take you only a few minutes to assess the temperament of the guinea pig. It goes without saying that the guinea pig should have a healthy look as well. Now we are going to go in-depth talking about the pros and cons of both guinea pig genders.
However, male guinea pigs tend to live a bit longer than females. It is important to mention that the lifespan, firstly depends on a healthy diet and the overall health of the animal.
• With a Male Guinea Pig, You Don’t Need to Rush With Breeding
If at one point, you decide that you want to try and mate your guinea pig with another one – it might be better to choose a male guinea pig and then later adopt a female when you decide that you want to have more of them.
The age of the male guinea pig does not really matter when we talk about breeding. While female guinea pigs have a certain period where they can safely have babies. After that period is over, any pregnancy can result in serious health problems.
So you have the opportunity to change your mind about whether or not you want to deal with baby guinea pigs as many times as you want by picking a male.
| Cons of Owning a Male Guinea Pig|
• The Males Are More Aggressive
This is the main difference between the genders and frankly speaking, this is not only the case with guinea pigs. The males tend to be more aggressive. Especially, when it comes to defending their territory, for example.
However, if you’re planning to keep one guinea pig, then there shouldn’t be any problems but if you are thinking of introducing a new guinea pig, then a little clash of opinions might occur.
• Male Guinea Pigs Are a Little Messier Than Females
Something that you may not even notice if you never had a guinea pig before but boars tend to be a bit messier and not care about their house a lot.
This simply means that you would need to spend more time cleaning the cage or that you would have to do that a little more often.
If you want to have at least a couple of guinea pigs, then it’s better to choose females as they won’t get into fights. Moreover, they will become real friends.
• All-In-All, Female Guinea Pigs Are Neater
Sows are real girls that like to keep their houses nice and clean. There certainly can be exceptions, but overall the cage will stay neater if you have female guinea pigs.
| Cons of Owning a Female Guinea Pig |
• Sows Are Shy Around Humans
When it comes to interaction with humans, female guinea pigs are shy and can even get scared. While the males are a bit more outgoing. It might take you a couple of months to establish a connection with your beloved sow
Moreover, it doesn’t matter whether the guinea pigs have been together from birth or not. The female guinea pigs are gentle and friendly but remember to give an equal amount of attention and food to both of the sows.
2. Two or More Males
Even though male guinea pigs are more aggressive than females, it does not necessarily mean that they will be constantly fighting. In fact, if the boys were together since birth – there shouldn’t be any major problems.
A male and a female guinea pig will, most certainly, have a lovely relationship. Have in mind that if there are two males and a female, conflicts might arise.
One extremely important thing that you have to remember is that the two guinea pigs will, most definitely, have babies. It might get dangerous if the female is over one year old and has never given birth before.
So, which guinea pig gender is better for your lifestyle? Certainly, both of genders have their pros and cons. Make sure you know the main reason why you need to adopt the guinea pig in the first place. If you think that one pet will be more than enough, then a lot of guinea pig owners suggest getting a male guinea pig.
Always remember that the females are social animals that can literally die of solitude. So, it’s a great idea to buy female guinea pigs in pairs.
If you want to become a real guinea pig ‘parent’ and see your beloved pets give birth to guinea pigs, then getting a young female and a male is a perfect choice for you.
No matter what gender you decide to choose in the end, any guinea pig makes for an amazing pet. Each with a unique personality and taste. You will have a lot of fun getting to know your new family member! Best of luck!
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