Can Guinea Pigs Eat Brussels Sprouts?

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Brussels Sprouts

Guinea pigs are quite cute animals to have as pets inside the house. More people are getting them for use as indoor pets. As a current or new owner of the pet, it is essential to know what to feed it. In this case, we will look at Brussels sprouts.

So, can guinea pigs eat Brussels sprouts? Straight on, the answer to that question is yes. As you may already be aware, guinea pigs generally feed on vegetables and fruits. Brussels sprouts are a type of cabbage that can be given to your guinea pig with no harm. However, moderation is critical as you shouldn’t feed it the Brussels sprouts on a daily basis. These veggies are quite beneficial with nutrients and can help your guinea pig lead a better and healthier life.

As you have seen above, guinea pigs can eat Brussels sprouts. Now that you know this, it is time to learn why you should feed your cute pet with these veggies and some more vital information about this plant.

Health Benefits of Guinea Pigs Eating Brussels Sprouts

Brussels sprouts are beneficial to your guinea pigs. They have a wide range of advantages that can be harnessed if you are keen enough. These are some of the benefits your guinea pig stands to gain from eating Brussels sprouts:

  • Rich in Antioxidants

Brussels sprouts are rich in antioxidants that help the immune system of your pet. This ensures that it is functioning in the best way possible so that your guinea pig is always stable.

  • Helps in Digestion

Since Brussels sprouts are rich in dietary fiber, they help in the digestion of food.

  • Help in Growth

Since it has vitamin K, the veggie is beneficial in the growth of your guinea pigs, especially regarding bone growth and development.

  • Helps to Maintain Sugar Levels

Too much sugar is harmful to your guinea pig. This is why you need to get a way to either regulate intake or neutralize the one that is already in the body. Brussels sprouts work magic when it comes to this and help the guinea pig maintain its sugar levels at an average amount.

  • Aids in Repair and Growth of Tissues

Sometimes you may wonder why it is taking too long for your guinea pig to heal from a wound or injury. This can be due to a lack of vitamin C which is found in Brussels sprouts. Vitamin C helps in the formation and reparation of tissues in the body, and this will be beneficial to your guinea pig.

  • Easy to Incorporate to the Guinea Pig’s Diet

Since guinea pigs love veggies and fruits, it would only make sense to introduce a similar food to them. Brussels sprouts are a wild form of cabbages and can easily be incorporated in the diet of a guinea pig. Also, they are quite tasty, and your little piggies are more likely to adopt them into their diet quickly.

Nutrition Facts of Brussels Sprouts

When it comes to nutritional content, Brussels sprouts are quite nutritious veggies. They are leafy and look like tiny cabbages. They are a type of wild cabbage that contains high levels of nutrients. These are some of the nutrients that are found in Brussels sprouts and also recent studies have further revealed the possibility of vitamin B6 being present in the veggies as well:

  • Dietary fiber
  • Vitamin K
  • Vitamin C
  • Folate
  • Vitamin A
  • Manganese
  • Potassium
  • Iron
  • Thiamine
  • Oxalate acid
  • Magnesium
  • Phosphorous

Because Brussel sprouts are rich in dietary fiber it helps to better digest food in the body. Additionally, Vitamin K is essential for bone health and growth. When it comes to Vitamin C it is a strong antioxidant that helps with immunity function.

Risks to Consider When Feeding Brussels Sprouts to Guinea Pigs

There is nothing that doesn’t have a risk side. Just like most other foodstuffs, Brussels sprouts have a fair share of threats that if not controlled, can be harmful to your guinea piggies. Therefore what are some of these risks?

First of all, when trying to analyze the potential risks that can be gotten by your guinea pig consuming Brussels sprouts, we will need to go back to the nutritional content. In the nutritional content, you can notice the presence of phosphorous and oxalate acid in the veggies. These two are somewhat harmful to your piggies when taken in large amounts.

The bright side is that Brussels sprouts have so many benefits that surpass the potential risks. These great veggies are rich in vitamin C in particular, which is vital for guinea pigs. They will help boost the health of the pet.

Generally, we can say that Brussels sprouts are safe for guinea pigs. This is, however, doesn’t mean that you are supposed to feed it the veggies on a daily basis. You still need to regulate the intake to limit consumption of phosphorous and oxalate acid. This is why giving the vegetable to your guinea pig pet daily isn’t a great idea. You can plan and create a schedule for feeding which is balanced and not bent on the Brussels sprouts.

You can feed the pet once or twice in a week using the veggies and then balance it out with other vegetables or fruits during the same week. This will help balance or eliminate the potential risks that would instead escalate due to the intake of phosphorus and oxalate acid.

One other thing that you should know about Brussels sprouts is that they can also cause bloating, diarrhea and gas for the guinea pig. When feeding your guinea pig with Brossel sprouts in case you notice any of these symptoms, you need to stop giving them to the guinea pig immediately.

Never feed cooked Brussels sprouts to guinea pigs as they are unable to eat cooked foods.

Lastly, try to feed the piggies Brussels sprouts stalks green and fresh rather than ones that have stayed for a long time. If you follow all these instructions carefully, your little pet won’t have any problem surviving.

Quick facts on Brussels sprouts

You may already be aware of some great points about Brussels sprouts, but still, there are some that you may not know. For starters, as seen above, Brussels sprouts are in the family of cabbages. Also, these are some of the significant facts about these veggies:

  • They can be eaten before being ripe. Contrary to the norm of other fruits and vegetables, brussels sprouts can be eaten before they ripen up.


  • They were used a long time ago. Brussels sprouts became popular in the 16th century.


  • The name comes from the country of origin. If you haven’t still guessed it right, these veggies originated from Brussels in Belgium and thus the name brussels sprouts.


  • It has a peak season. The veggies have a peak season which is usually late September to February. This does not mean that you cannot find them all year round. It is only the taste that might be a bit different during other seasons.

Related Questions

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Cooked Brussels Sprouts?

Most people who don’t know much about guinea pigs would almost assume that they can feed the pet cooked food. On the contrary, guinea pigs do not eat cooked food. Whether it is the veggies they love or the fruits they adore, you are not supposed to give guinea pigs cooked food.

Apart from the fact that the piggies themselves don’t like cooked food, the process of cooking destroys vital nutrients found in the veggies thus killing the potential content to be gained by the guinea pig. For instance, when you cook Brussels sprouts, a substantial amount of vitamin C is lost. Remember that this is the most important vitamin needed by the guinea pig.

Why Is Vitamin C so Crucial for Guinea Pigs?

You might be wondering why there is so much emphasis on vitamin C for guinea pigs, right? Well, the hype around vitamin C is legitimate and crucial. Guinea pigs cannot produce this vitamin on their own, and that is why they need it from an external source. There are so many diseases that can have an effect on your guinea pig in case it lacks vitamin C.

One of the diseases that can fundamentally affect your guinea pig is scurvy. This is why you need to increase the intake of foods that are rich in vitamin C so that the pet doesn’t suffer from its deficiency. Brussels sprouts are on the list of foods that are rich in vitamin C, and this is the reason why you would need to give it in sufficient amounts to your guinea pig.

Before I let you go, one final thought on food. With food, you can’t ever be too careful which is why I get all guinea pig food from a reliable source such as Amazon. If you are not sure what to order but believe your little piggies deserve some great treats please check our Helpful Guide to the Best Guinea Pig Treats to get some ideas. We have also made a full list of foods that guinea pigs can and can’t eat (150+ Types of Foods). Be sure to also check our recommended products page for everything you will ever need to assure a happy life for your Guinea Pigs. Hope this information was helpful and you have found the answer you were looking for.

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Clarissa Moolbrock

Clarissa Moolbrock is one of the founders and editor at Guinea Pig Tube. She is also an author of "Complete Guinea Pig Care Guide: The Essential, Practical Guide To All Aspects of Caring for Your Guinea Pigs" (available on Amazon). Being a veterinary technician helping animals and sharing her experience and knowledge with other guinea pig owners is her passion. Her life goal is to popularise guinea pigs as pets and that is why she has started Guinea Pig Tube website.