Can Guinea Pigs Eat Cucumbers? (Benefits, Risks, Serving Size & More)

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Cucumbers_

It is hard to find anyone that doesn’t like cucumbers. Being almost neutral in taste, refreshing, hydrating, and even nutritious a cucumber can be combined with almost everything. It can be used for juices, smoothies, salads, meals, or even plain by itself, all of this just proves its versatility and practicality. But what about our pets, are guinea pigs allowed to eat cucumbers?

Can guinea pigs eat cucumbers? Guinea pigs can eat cucumbers, in fact, every part of the cumber is safe for them including the seeds. Cucumbers are a good addition to the guinea pig’s diet but due to the low nutrient value and high water content (95%), they are mostly considered to be a form of refreshment or a treat.

Cucumber is one of the safest veggies, mainly because it is neutral in taste and mostly consisted of water. One thing to note, guinea pigs will not be particularly excited for the cucumber seeds and if you are not planning to peel them, the skin needs to be washed thoroughly before giving them to guinea pigs.

The guinea pigs are herbivores and they certainly have some benefit from eating a cucumber but just like it is the case with any other foods, there are some risks involved as well. In the following sections, we have talked about potential benefits, risks, and other factors that cucumbers can have in guinea pig’s diet. Let’s begin!

Are Cucumbers Good for Guinea Pigs? | Health Benefits

Are Cucumbers Good for Guinea Pigs

Healthy Weight

The cucumbers won’t make your guinea pig chubby and are light for the digestion as well. They are mainly water, very low in sugar, calories, and in fat. They are overall amazing for weight control as they provide satiety, which means your guinea pigs will eat less. If you notice that your guinea pig is chubby, introducing cucumbers might be a good idea.


Hydration

Is there anything better than a refreshing watery veggie, especially in hot summer days? Or after a caloric meal? Cucumber is a fresh delight for guinea pigs and it will give them hydration that they desperately need during the summer.


Cardiovascular System and Blood Vessels

The cucumber is low in fat and has zero cholesterol. This is extremely beneficial for the cardiovascular system and blood vessels. Also, there is vitamin K in cucumbers that contributes to healthy blood clotting, and with a deficit of this vitamin, the organism is prone to long periods of bleedings during injuries or other health issues.


Antioxidants

In cucumber, there are nutrients like vitamin A, which acts as an antioxidant and protects the guinea pig’s body from free radical damage. With antioxidants, there is less risk of diseases in general. They also keep the immune system in good shape. Also, vitamin A prevents and fights inflammation, and makes vision, lungs, kidneys, skin, heart, and brain stay in good health.


Prevention From Scurvy

Cucumber has vitamin C, which is essential for guinea pigs. They don’t produce it naturally and can’t store it either. This is not a very high amount of vitamin C but it is enough to keep the cavies safe from scurvy. This disease is fatal for them and manifests with the following symptoms: internal bleedings, bad oral health, swollen joints, diarrhea, rough coat, loss of appetite, and more.


Less Stress

B6 vitamin has countless benefits. This vitamin keeps internal and external health in good shape, but it is also well known as stress-remover and it contributes to calm nerves and better sleep. Also, vitamin B6 makes the skin healthy.


Nutrition Facts of Cucumbers for Guinea Pigs

Nutrition Facts of Cucumbers for Guinea Pigs

The following are the nutrition facts per 100 g (3 oz) of cucumber:


Risks to Consider When Feeding Cucumber to Guinea Pigs

Risks to Consider When Feeding Cucumber to Guinea Pigs

Urinary Problems

There is about 14 mg of calcium per 100 g of cucumber. This is not that much, but it needs precaution because adult guinea pigs don’t really benefit from calcium. This mineral piles up in their urinary tracts and creates bladder or kidney stones. If not treated, this will cause blood in the urine or painful urination which can lead to renal (kidney) failure and even death.


Toxicity

Cucumbers may become bitter in taste and this happens because of the presence of the toxin called cucurbitacin. This toxin is produced naturally by cucumbers and some studies have shown that cucurbitacins can be harmful to both humans and guinea pigs. The more cucurbitacins are in cucumbers the more bitter they are in taste and more poisonous to guinea pigs.

Some of the symptoms of this food poisoning are diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach pain. In order to prevent cucumber poisoning in guinea pigs, be sure to taste the cucumber before giving it to the guinea pig and also fed them only fresh cucumbers.


Some Risk of Diarrhea and Stomach Aches

Cucumber is very tasty to guinea pigs, but it is very watery and if fed in large quantities without other food varieties it can upset their fragile belly. So try to serve cucumbers along with another food for the guinea pigs because the stomach digests watery foods better when they are combined with something more caloric.

In the following section read more about the serving size of cucumbers for guinea pigs and how often can guinea pigs eat cucumbers in order to avoid any stomach related problems.


Tips on How Can You Feed Cucumber to Guinea Pigs

Tips on How Can You Feed Cucumber to Guinea Pigs

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Cucumber Everyday?

As we have seen, if you fed cucumbers to guinea pigs there are many health benefits for them as well, but can guinea pigs eat cucumbers daily? Guinea pigs shouldn’t eat cucumbers every day because they need a diverse diet with different vegetables and fruits so they can get different vitamins and minerals. The cucumber is a safe veggie for the guinea pigs, but as a good rule of thumb, feed them with cucumbers only 2-3 times per week.


Can Guinea Pigs Eat Too Much Cucumber?

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Too Much Cucumber

Now we know that guinea pigs shouldn’t eat cucumber every day, but also they shouldn’t eat too much cucumber at once as it can lead to some serious stomach problems. So, how much cucumber can guinea pigs eat? A few slices are enough, let’s say 2-3 slices of normal thickness. This will also allow you to give the guinea pig other foods as well and add variety in the diet.


Do Guinea Pigs Like Cucumbers?

Most guinea pigs like cucumbers and some owners have said that there are situations when their guinea pigs will even fight over cucumbers. But also there is a possibility that your guinea pigs will not like the cucumber and that’s completely normal because guinea pigs have their personal taste preference, just like us humans.

If your guinea pigs don’t like cucumbers, you can serve them other veggies, such as spinach, celery, tomatoes, carrots, and cauliflower. Also, you can try to serve the cucumber to the cavies along with another safe veggie. Let’s say, a small leaf of romaine lettuce with cucumbers inside and small pieces of bell pepper, broccoli, or any other veggie allowed for guinea pigs! A real treat the piggies will love!


Can Baby Guinea Pigs Eat Cucumbers?

Baby guinea pigs are very small and sensitive creatures and during that time they need special care and diet. So, speaking of their diet, can guinea pigs have cucumbers when they are just babies? Baby guinea pigs can’t eat cucumbers because they only need mother’s milk during the first few weeks. Also, you need to introduce them to alfalfa hay, pellets, and water.

Finally, after a few weeks, you can give to baby guinea pigs some small amounts of cucumbers and also other fruits and vegetables. When giving baby guinea pigs fruits and vegetables for the first time, be sure to follow their reactions so you can notice if they don’t like something or if they are allergic to certain foods.


More Information About Guinea Pigs and Cucumbers

Do Guinea Pigs Like Cucumbers

In the following sections, you can read more about what parts of cucumbers guinea pigs can eat and if they are allowed to eat some special types of cucumber. Let’s find out!


Can Guinea Pigs Eat Cucumber Seeds?

There are many seeds that can be harmful to guinea pigs, but what about cucumber seeds? Can guinea pigs eat the seeds of a cucumber? Guinea pigs can eat cucumber seeds because these seeds are very small and soft and they don’t have any toxic substances that can be fatal for guinea pigs.

But for safety, we recommend to slice the cucumber in a half and try to remove some bigger seeds that you can remove with hand or knife. Do this in order to avoid any choking hazards and to easy the guinea pig’s feeding process.


Can Guinea Pigs Eat Cucumber Peels / Cucumber Skin?

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Cucumber Peels Cucumber Skin

Some people eat cucumbers with skin and some peel them, but can guinea pigs eat cucumber skin? Guinea pigs can eat the skin of a cucumber and it is completely safe for them. Cucumber peels or skin contains many nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, and a good amount of fiber that are beneficial for guinea pigs.

So, every part of the cucumber is safe for the guinea pig. Make sure to wash the cucumber well before feeding the cavy. You can choose to peel it if you want to, however, there is no need for that, the skin is safe as we have mentioned.


Can Guinea Pigs Eat Cucumber Leaves?

As we know by now, guinea pigs can eat cucumber flesh, skin, and seeds, but what about the actual cucumber plant? Can you feed guinea pigs cucumber leaves? Guinea pigs can eat cucumber leaves, but only in moderation, which means in small amounts and not every day.

If you feed your guinea pigs with too much cucumber leaves, they can get some digestive problems such as diarrhea or vomiting. Also, feed them only fresh, young, and raw cucumber leaves and wash them thoroughly with water before giving to guinea pigs.


Can Guinea Pigs Eat Lemon Cucumbers?

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Lemon Cucumbers

Lemon cucumbers are small, yellow and round in shape. These cucumbers don’t actually taste like lemons. So, can you feed guinea pigs with lemon cucumbers? Guinea pigs can eat lemon cucumbers but only in moderation similarly to regular cucumbers. These cucumbers are only in color similar to lemons. Their skin is thin and they have sweeter, milder taste, and a crispy texture.

Lemon cucumbers contain vitamins such as vitamin C and vitamin K, also minerals as potassium and calcium, as well as fiber and many other antioxidants. Very similar in nutritional value to regular cucumbers.


Can Guinea Pigs Eat Lebanese Cucumbers?

Guinea pigs can Lebanese cucumbers but only in moderation. Lebanese cucumbers are small, mild, have smooth skin, and they are almost seedless. These cucumbers have many beneficial nutrients for guinea pigs, such as vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin B6 and they are also low in calories.


Can Guinea Pigs Eat Mini Cucumbers?

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Mini Cucumbers

Guinea pigs can eat mini cucumbers. These are regular cucumbers that haven’t grown properly and this classification or a name exists only in stores. Mini cucumbers are seedless, juicy, and crunchy with a low amount of calories and fat. They have an extra-thin skin and are completely safe for guinea pigs.

What about mini cucumbers which are also called gherkins or cornichons? Pickled cucumbers are not a safe food for guinea pigs. Guinea pigs can’t eat pickled vegetables or any other processed or cooked foods because they can be very harmful to their sensitive digestive system.


Can Guinea Pigs Eat Persian Cucumbers?

Guinea pigs can eat Persian cucumbers. They have an excellent amount of vitamins such as vitamin C and vitamin A and dietary fiber. But also feed Persian cucumbers to guinea pigs only in moderation. These types of cucumbers are small, nearly seedless with thin skin, crispy in texture, and mild in taste.


Can Guinea Pigs Have Cucumber Juice?

Can Guinea Pigs Have Cucumber Juice

Guinea pigs shouldn’t drink cucumber juice or any other juice that you can buy in stores. Commercial juice can cause serious stomach problems in guinea pigs because it contains high levels of sugar and also preservatives.

You can provide guinea pigs only with homemade juice with no added sugars and chemicals, but regardless fresh water is the favorite drink of guinea pigs. They always need to have functional water bottles filled with fresh and cold water in the cage.


Quick Facts on Cucumber

  • Cucumbers have a waxy coating that is able to remove ink or stains from the skin.
  • Cucumbers contain compounds like lignans (pinoresinol, lariciresinol, and secoisolariciresinol) that can help in preventing different cancers.
  • Sunburnt skin can be relieved when cucumber is placed over it.
  • The first domestically grown cucumbers date back to 2nd millennia BC, in India.
  • Christopher Columbus brought cucumbers to Haiti back in 1494 and distributed them afterwards.

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Before I let you go, one final thought on food. With food, you can’t ever be too careful which is why I get all guinea pig food from a reliable source such as Amazon. If you are not sure what to order but believe your little piggies deserve some great treats please check our Helpful Guide to the Best Guinea Pig Treats to get some ideas. We have also made a full list of foods that guinea pigs can and can’t eat (150+ Types of Foods). Be sure to also check our recommended products page for everything you will ever need to assure a happy life for your Guinea Pigs. Hope this information was helpful and you have found the answer you were looking for.

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List of Sources

National Research Council (US) Subcommittee on Laboratory Animal Nutrition, Nutrient Requirements of Laboratory Animals: Fourth Revised Edition, 1995., Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 1995.

Zilva, S. S., Vitamin C requirements of the guinea-pig, The Biochemical Journal, 1936.

Cannon, M. D., Emerson, G. A., Dietary Requirements of the Guinea Pig with Reference to the Need for a Special Factor, The Journal of Nutrition, 1939.

Norman, R., Wills, A. P., An Investigation into the Relationship between Owner Knowledge, Diet, and Dental Disease in Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcellus), Animals: an open access journal from MDPI, 2016.

Witkowska, A., Price, J., Hughes, C., Smith, D., White, K., Alibhai, A., Rutland C. S., The Effects of Diet on Anatomy, Physiology and Health in the Guinea Pig, Journal of Animal Health and Behavioural Science, 2017.

Mukherjee, P. K., Nema, N. K., Maity, N., Sarkar, B. K., Phytochemical and therapeutic potential of cucumber, Fitoterapia, 2013.

Clarissa Moolbrock

Clarissa Moolbrock is one of the founders and editor at Guinea Pig Tube. She is also an author of "Complete Guinea Pig Care Guide: The Essential, Practical Guide To All Aspects of Caring for Your Guinea Pigs" (available on Amazon). Being a veterinary technician helping animals and sharing her experience and knowledge with other guinea pig owners is her passion. Her life goal is to popularise guinea pigs as pets and that is why she has started Guinea Pig Tube website.